Yaman is one of the grand raag-s that have stood the test of time and its grandeur is popular with vocalists, instrumentalists, beginners, amateurs and mature artists. It is also known as Kalyan, and is the prototype of the Kalyan family of raag-s.
Tone material: Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni
The lower and upper tetrachord are well balanced in Yaman. The ascent generally begins with lower Ni and in the direct descent both Sa and Pa are omitted. They can occur as the ending notes in ascending phrases like Ma Dha Ni Sa and Re Ga Ma Pa.Ga and Ni are important notes while Pa is a prominent resting point. Both Ga and Ni can be sustained.
Some characteristic phrases:
Ma Dha Ni Re \Dha Sa
Ni Re Ga Ma Pa \Re Ga –
Re Ga Ma \Re Ma Ga
Ga Mi Dha Ni Dha Pa
Its simple melodic structure offers immense possibilities for improvisation, due to which the beginners are often taught this raag. It is believed that a thorough knowledge of Yaman gives a foundation for understanding many other raags of the Hindustani tradition.
When natural Ma is added to the above melody, the variant is known as Yaman kalyan (vide). Other varieties of Kalyan include Shuddh kalyan (vide), Shyam kalyan (vide), Puriya kalyan, Jait kalyan, Hem kalyan, Savani kalyan etc.
Time: Early Night